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山西专升本英语有哪些语法重点?考生怎么学习它们?

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发布时间:2019-10-30 10:33:39

         山西专升本英语有哪些语法重点?考生在复习时怎么学习它们?跟着小编一起看看吧。

    一、动词

    动词时态及语态考点(大家应该记住九种时态,特别是其中的过去完成,过去进行时,客观真理要用一般现在时等)

    1、The teacher told us that this school was built in 1994.(被动)

    2、By the time the bus got there,the play had already begun.(过去完成时)

    3、My teacher said :”The sun rises from the east, and down at the west.”(客观真理)

    4、When Li Ming went home at noon, his dog was sleeping.(过去进行时)

    二、动词及动词词组区别题

    考试常考的有rose;spend, cost ,take pay ,afford; wound, injure ,hurt, damage; find out ,discover, invent; hit ,strike, ring ,beat; tell ,say, speak, talk; join, join in take, part in等动词短语。

    1、Can you tell the difference between these two words

    2、He joined the army three years ago.

    三、强调句型

    要记住的是it is (was)…that…,如果前面是it is /was 后面往往选用that,当然强调人的时候也可用who

    1、It was at a park that I first saw her.

    2、It is what you want to do that is very important.

    3、It is Lily who he likes best.

    四、倒装句型

    全部倒装句(不作为考试重点,考得多的都是部分倒装)

    1、Here comes the bus.(完全倒装)

    部分倒装句(句子中存在两个谓语,选择一个进行倒装)

    1、Lily learns English well,so does Li Ming.

    2、Not only does he study well, but also he is friendly with others.

    五、从句中关系词的选择题

    that和 which区分,限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句

    1.that在定语从句中作表语时的省略.关系代词作be 的表语,且先行词是特指时,关系代词通常用that(不用who或which)或省略:

    He doesn't seem to be the man (that) he was ten years ago.

    他看起来已经不是十年前的样子了。

    The modern aeroplane is not the machine (that) it was when first invented.

    现代飞机已不是最先发明时的那种样子了。

    She was not the cheerful woman (that) she was before she married.她已经不是结婚前的那个漂亮女人了。

    She is all (that) a teacher should be.

    她具备一个老师应该具备的所有条件。

    但如果先行词是泛指时,关系代词通常用which,且不省略:

    Even if John were a millionaire which he was not,he would not use a farthing of his wealth to benefit the people.

    即使约翰是个百万富翁,他也不会用他的一分钱去做有益于人民的事.而他并不是百万富翁。

    He looked like a lawyer which he was.

    他像个律师,而他也的确是个律师。

    2、 that在从句中作补语时。

    I'm not the fool(that) you thought me.

    我不是你以前所认为的那个傻子了。

    He is the nicest teacher (that) the students consider him in their school.

    他就是学生认为学校中最好的那个老师。

    六、主谓一致

    往往出题者都是考谓语动词选单数这种情况,如each,every,everyone这样的词作主语以及Mary, like many other girls likes listening to music这样的题

    1、The moral of the officers and crew was very high.

    2、Each boy and each girl in the city is asked to go to school.

    3、Neither the quality nor the prices have changed.(就近原则)

    七、原因状语从句

    for的用法(由because 引导的从句如果放在句末,且前面有逗号,则可以用并列连词 for 来代替。但如果不是说明直接原因,而是多种情况加以推断,就只能用 for)

    1、He is absent today, because/for he is ill.

    八、 it做形式主语,句子做逻辑主语

    如果主语太长,常用代词 it 作形式主语,将真正的主语从句置于句尾,以保持句式的平衡。

    1、It makes no difference what you read or study if you can’t remember it.

    九、 情态动词表推测

    1、对现在、将来情况的推测,用情态动词+动词原形

    对现在、将来情况的肯定推测:must+动词原形

    对现在、将来情况的否定推测:can’t +动词原形

    对现在、将来情况的可能推测:may/might +动词原形

    What is he doing?

    He must be sleeping./He can’t be reading./ He may/might be reading but I’m not sure.

    2、对过去情况的推测,用情态动词+have done sth.

    对过去情况的肯定推测:must+have done sth.

    对过去情况的否定推测:can’t +have done sth.

    对过去情况的可能推测:may/might +have done sth.

    It must / may / might / have rained last night.

    He cannot / may ( might ) not have been at home.